Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Veterans Braintrust

2019 Black History Month Recommended Readings



A War on Two Fronts: Fighting For Victory at Home and Abroad. Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina Press, 2015

Adams, C. (edited by Della Adams & Lewis H. Carlson) (2007). An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China. University of Massachusetts Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press.

Adams-Earley C. (1989). One Woman’s Army – A Black Officer Remembers the WAC. College Station, Texas A & M University Press.

Allen, R. (1989). The Port Chicago Incident – The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny Trial in the U.S. Naval History.

Baker, V. (1997). Lasting Valor – The Story of the Only Black World War II Veteran to Earn America’s Highest Decoration for Valor, the Medal of Honor.

Bailey, M. (1999). The Challenge: Autobiography of Colonel Margaret E. Bailey, First Black Nurse promoted to Colonel in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps. Tucker Publication, Inc., Lisle, IL

Bailey, R. (1988). Remembering Medgar Evers … for a New Generation. Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963)

Ball, H. (1998). A Defiant Life: Thurgood Marshall and the Persistence of Racism in America. New York: Crown

Bandt, N. (1996). Harlem at War: The Black Experience in WWII. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Becton, J.W. (2008). Becton – Autobiography of a Soldier and a Public Servant. Naval Institute Press.

Biggs, B. (1986). The Triple Nickels: America’s First All-Black Paratroop Unit. Black America in Defense of Our Nation. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Civilian Personnel Policy/Equal Opportunity

Black, S.W. (ed.) (2006). Soul Soldiers: African Americans and the Vietnam Era.

Bowers, W.T., Hammond, W.M. and MacGarrigle (1996). Black Soldier – White Army, the 24th Infantry Regiment in Korea. U.S. Army Center of Military History.

Brende, J.O. and Erwin R. Parson. (1986). Vietnam Veterans: The Road to Recovery.

Brown, C. (1999). Standing into Danger: The True Story of a Wartime Disaster – The Wrecking of the USS Pollux and The USS Truxtun in the North Atlantic. Flanker Press

Brown, J. and David Paisner (2003). The Price of Their Blood: Profile in Spirit. Bonus Books.

Brown, N. (2006). Private Politics and Public Voices: Black Women’s Activism from World War I to the New Deal. (Blacks in the Diaspora)

Brummell, G. (2006). Shades of Darkness – A Black Soldiers Journey Through Vietnam, Blindness and Back.

Buckley, G. (2001). American Patriots – The Story of Blacks in the Military from the Revolution to Desert Storm. Random House, New York.

Burns-Burrell, P. (1997). Hathaway. 1st Lt. Prudence (Hathaway) Burns Army Nurse of World War II Stationed in Australia, New Guinea and the Philippines.

Bussey, C. (1991). Firefight at Yechon: Courage and Racism in the Korean War. Washington, DC: Brassey’s (US).

Carter, A.G. and Allen, R.L. (2003). Honoring Sergeant Carter – Redeeming a Black World War II Hero’s Legacy.

Case, C. (1998). The Slaughter – An American Atrocity.

Christian, G.L. (1995). Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917. Texas A & M. University Press.

Citizens Commission of Inquiry (ed.) (1972). The Dellums Committee Hearing on War Crimes in Vietnam. New York: Vintage.

Clark, C. (2001). Pieces From My Mind. The Compelling True Story of a Black Man in a White Man’s Navy during WWII. Berkeley: Creative Arts Book Company.

Clay, J.L. (2003). Conspiracy to Injustice. Authorhouse

Cleland, M. (2001). Strong at the Broken Places. Longstreet Press.

Cobbs, P. (2005). My American Life: From Rage to Entitlement.

Coleman, M. (1998). Coming Full Circle.

Cox, M.S. (2013). Segregated Soldiers: Military Training at Historically Black Colleges in the Jim Crow South. Louisiana State University Press.

Culp, R.K. (2007). The First Black United States Marine. (The Men of Montford Point, 1942 – 1944).

Daugherty, J.H. (2009). The Buffalo Saga – A Story from World War II U.S. Army 92nd Infantry Division known as the Buffalo Soldiers.

Davis, Jr., B.O. (1991). Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American: An Autobiography. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press

Davis, G. (1971). Coming Home. New York: Random House.

Dellums, R. and Halterman, H.L. (2001). Lying Down with Lions: A Public Life from the Streets of Oakland to the Halls of Power.

DeYoung, K. (2006). Soldier – The Life of Colin Powell. Vintage Books

Dickerson, D.C. (1998/2004). Militant Mediator: Whitney M. Younge, Jr. University Press of Kentucky

Drotning, P.T. (1969). Black Heroes in Our Nation’s History. New York Cowles

Dryden, C.W. (1997). A-Train Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airmen. Lt. Col. Charles W. Dryden. University of Alabama Press.

DuBose, C.P. (1988) (1999). The Untold Story of Charles Diggs: The Public Figure, the Private Man. Barton Publishing House.

Fowler, E.L. (1971). The Black President and the Hero.

Francis, C.E. (1997). The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation. Boston, MA.

Gary, L. (1981). Black Men. Sage Publishers.

George, D. & Robert Child. (2017). The Lost Eleven: The Forgotten Story of Black American Soldiers Brutally Massacred in World War II.

Gilbran, D.K. (2002). The 92nd Infantry Division and the Italian Campaign in World War II. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.

Gray, F.D. (2001). The Tuskegee Syphilis Study: The Real Story and Beyond. NewSouth, Inc.

Greene, R.E. (1974). Black Defenders of America, 1775 – 1973.

Greenly, L.W. (2013). Eugene Bullard: World’s First Black Fighter Pilot. Montgomery, AL: New South Book

Griggs, W.E. and Philip J. Merrill (2002). The World War II Black Regiment that Built the Alaska Military Highway: A Photographic History. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi.

Grundest, E.G. (ed.) (2008). Forgotten Patriots: African American and American Indian Patriots in the Revolutionary War. A Guide to Service, Sources and Studies. (Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution).

Hamann, J. (2005). On American Soil – How Justice Became a Casualty of World War II.

Harris, S.L. (2003). Harlem’s Hellfighters – The African American 369th Infantry in World War I.

Hervieux, L. (2015). Forgotten: The Untold Story of D-Day’s Black Heroes, at Home and at War. Harper

Hillman, J. (2005). Defending America: Military Culture and the Cold War Court-Martial. Princeton University Press.

Hirsch, J.S. (2005). Two Souls Indivisible: The Friendship that Saved Two POW’s in Vietnam.

Hohn, M. and Martin Klimke (2010). A Breath of Freedom: African American GI’s, the Civil Rights Struggle, and Germany. Foreword by Ron E. Armstead.

Humphreys, M. (2008). Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War.

Jefferson, A. with Lewis H. Carlson (2005). Red Tail Captured, Red Tail Free: Memoirs of a World War II Tuskegee Airman and POW. Forham University Press.

Johnson, Jr., C. (2002). African Americans and ROTC: Military, Naval and Aeroscience Programs at Historically Black Colleges, 1916 – 1973. McFarland & Company, Inc.

Johnson, Jr., C. (1992). African American Soldiers in the National Guard: Recruitment and Deployment during Peacetime and War.

Johnson, K. (1999). Autobiography: An Officer and a Feminist. In Gender Camouflage: Women and the U.S. Military. New York University Press.

Johnson, S. with M.L. Doyle (2010). I’m Still Standing. From Captive U.S. Soldier to Free Citizen – My Journey Home.

Jones, J. (1987). Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment – A Tragedy of Race and Medicine.

Kane, M. (2010). Our Blood Flows Red: Trauma and African American Men in Military Service. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Kelly, M.P. (1995). Proudly We Served: The Men of the USS Mason.

Latty, Y. (2005). We Were There: Voices of African American Veterans, from World War II to the War in Iraq. Amistad Publishers

Laurence, J.H. & Ramsberger, P.F. (1991). Low Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays? New York: Praeger.

Lawson, S.F. (ed.). One America in the 21st Century. The Report of President Bill Clinton’s Initiative on Race. Yale University Press. Foreword by John Hope Franklin.

Lentz-Smith, A. (2009). Freedom Struggles: African Americans and World War I. Harvard University Press.

Lilly, R. (2007). Taken by Force: Rape and American GIs in Europe during World War II.

Lloyd, C. (2000). Eugene Bullard: Black Expatriate in Jazz Age Paris. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.

Makos, A. (2015). Devotion: An Epic Story of Heroism, Friendship and Sacrifice. Tells the Story of Lt. Thomas Hudner and Ensign Jesse Brown. (New York Times Bestselling Author)

Marshall, SLA (1953). The River and the Gaunlet. New York: William & Company

McBride, J. (2002). Miracle at St. Anna. A Novel of the Buffalo Soldiers of World War II. Riverhead Books, New York.

McCabe, K. & Dovey Johnson Roundtree (2009). Justice Older Than the Law: The Life of Dovey Johnson Roundtree. University Press of Mississippi.

McDaniels, III, P. (2017). Porter, Steward, Citizen: An African American’s Memoir of World War I.

McEachin, J. (1997). Farewell to the Mockingbirds. Rhari Publishing Group.

McGhee, E.J. (2011). Short Changed: Memoir of an American Combat Veteran. Tree Hugger Publishing, Atlanta, GA.

McLaurin, M.A. (2007). The Marines of Montford Point – America’s First Black Marines. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Mfume, K. (1997). No Free Ride. From the Mean Streets to the Mainstream. One World/Ballantine.

Miles, S.E. (1998). The American Woman 1999 – 2000: A Century of Change – What’s Next? Co-edited with Cynthia Costello and Anne Stone.

Mills, A. (2014). Soldats Noirs Americains: Black GIs, Normandy 1944 (English Version)

Miller, R.L. (2004). The Messman Chronicles – African Americans in the U.S. Navy, 1932 – 1943. U.S. Naval Institute.

Moore, B. (1996). To Serve My Country, To Serve My Race: The Story of the Only African American WACs Stationed Overseas.

Moore, C.P. (2005). Fighting for America: Black Soldiers – The Unsung Heroes of World War II. Presidio Press.

Morehouse, M. (2004). Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women Remember World War II. One World/Random House.

Morris, L. & Bailey, U.J.O. (eds.) (2001). One-Third of a Nation: An African American Perspective. Howard University Press.

Morris, R. (2011). Black Faces of War, A Legacy of Honor From the American Revolution to Today. Foreword by Lt. Gen. Julius W. Becton, Jr., USA, Ret.

Morrow, C. J. (1997). What’s a Commie Ever Done to Black People? A Korean War Memoir of Fighting in the U.S. Army’s last All Negro Unit. McFarland & Company, Inc. Publishers.

Mulzac, H. (1963). A Star to Steer By: Captain of the Booker T. Washington.

Myers, E.R. (ed.) (2001). Challenges of a Changing America: Perspectives on Immigration and Multiculturalism in the United States. 2nd Edition, Caddo Gap press, San Francisco.

Nichloson, N. (2004). 20 Miracles – A Soldier’s Story of Saving Grace.

Olsen, J. (2000). Last Man Standing: The Tragedy and Triumph of Geronimo Pratt. Doubleday.

Parks, D. (1968). GI Diary. New York, Harper & Row (Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1984)

Paterra, M.E. (2001). Kweisi Mfume: Congressman and NAACP Leader. Enslow Publishes.

Peterson, F. with J. Alfred Phelps (1998). Into the Tiger’s jaw – America’s First Black Marine Aviator. The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Frank E. Peterson.

Pettigrew, Jr., T.H. (1963). The Kunu-ri (Kumori) Incident. New York: Vantage Press.

Phillips, K.L. (2012). War! What is it Good For? Black Freedom Struggles and the U.S. Military from World War II to Iraq. The University of North Carolina Press.

Polland, F. (1959). Seeds to Turmoil. Exposition Press, New York.

Posey, E.L. (2008) The U.S. Army’s First, Last and Only All-Black Rangers. (2nd Ranger Infantry Company Airborne in the Korean War, 1950-1951).

Potter, L. with William Miles and Nina Rosenblum (1992). Liberators – Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II.

Powell, C.L. (1995). My American Journey.

Putney, M. (1992). When the Nation was in Need: Blacks in the Women Army Corps during World War II.

Quarles, B. (1989). The Negro in the Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press

Quarles, B. (1987). The Negro in the Making of America. Simon & Schuster, New York.

Quarles, B. (1961). The Negro in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Rampersad, A. (1997). Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Rangel, C.B. with Leon Wynter (2007). And I haven’t Had a Bad Day Since – From the Streets of Harlem to the Halls of Congress. St. Martin Press.

Rishell, L. (1993). With a Black Platoon in Combat: A Year in Korea. College Station: Texas A & M University Press.

Robinson, J. (1972). I Never Had It Made. As Told to Alfred Duckett, New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Rollins, J. (1995). All is Never Said (The Narrative of Odette Harper Hines).

Rowan, C. (1993). Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: The World of Justice Thurgood Marshall. Little, Brown & Company, Boston.

Salter, K.A. (2014). The Story of Black Officers, 1861 – 1948. Routledge Studies in African American History

Salter, K.A. (2003). Combat Multipliers: African American Soldiers in Four Wars. CSI Press.

Sammons, J. A. & John H. Morrow (2014). Harlem’s Rattlers and the Great War. The Undaunted 369th Regiment and the African American Quest for Equality. University Press of Kansas

Sanders, T. & Hampton Sides (2010). The Last Good War: The Faces and Voices of World War II. Welcome Book; First Edition.

Schneller, Jr., R.J. (2005). Breaking the Color Barrier – The U.S. Naval Academy’s First Black Midshipman and the Struggle for Racial Equity.

Scott, L.P. (1994). Double V: The Civil Rights Struggle of the Tuskegee Airmen. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Severo, R. (1989). The Wages to War: When American Soldiers Came Home – From Valley Forge to Vietnam.

Shaffer, D.R. (2004). After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans. University Press of Kansas.

Shaffer, D.R. (ed.) (2008). Voices of Emancipation: Understanding Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction Through the U.S. Pension Bureau Files. New York University Press.

Sherwood, J.D. (2007). Black Sailor, White Navy: Racial Unrest in the Fleet during the Vietnam War. New York: New York University Press.

Silvera, J.D. (1947) (1969). The Negro in World War II. New York, Arno Press.

Sissle, N.L. (1942). Memoirs of ‘Jim’ Europe. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Smith, C.E.M. (1999). Tuskegee Airmen: The Biography of Charles E. McGee, Air Force Fighter Combat Record Holder.

Staupers, M.K. (1961). No Time for Prejudice: A Story of the Integration of Negroes in Nursing in the United States. New York: MacMillan.

Stillwell, P. (1998). The Reminiscences of Master Chief Boatswain’s Mate Carl Brashear. U.S. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD.

Stillwell, P. (1993). The Golden Thirteen: Recollection of the first Black Naval Officers. U.S. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD.

Strode, W. (1990). Goal Dust: An Autobiography. Lanham, MD: Madison Books.

Taylor, T. (1998). The Flight of Jesse LeRoy Brown. Avon Books, New York.

Terrell, M.C. (2005). A Colored Woman in a White World. Humanity Books. Foreword by Debra Newman Ham.

Terry, W. (1984). Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans. Random House.

Warren, J.C. (1996). The Tuskegee Airmen Mutiny at Freeman Field. The Conyers Publishing Co.

Waugaman, S.F. with Thomas Cannon (2004). Poor Man’s Philanthropist – The Thomas Cannon Story. Palari Pub.

Westheider, J.E. (2007). The African American Experience in Vietnam: Brothers in Arms. Landham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Westheider, J.E. (1997). Fighting on Two Fronts: African Americans and the Vietnam War. New York University Press, NY.

White, B. & Robert Gandt. (2008). Intrepid: The Epic Story of America’s Most Legendary Warship. Broadway Books.

Whitmore, T. & Richard Weber (1971). Memphis-Nam-Sweden: The Story of a Black Deserter. University Press of Mississippi.

Wickham, D. (2002). Bill Clinton and Black America. One World/Ballantine.

Wideman, J.E. (2016). Writing to Save a Life – The Louis Till File. Scribner

Willenz, J. (1983). Women Veterans: America’s Forgotten Heroines.

Williams, C. (2010). Torchbearers for Democracy: African American Soldiers in the World War I Era. University of North Carolina Press.

Williams, D. (1983). Hit Hard – Black American’s in Combat led by a White Captain Battling into Hitler’s Germany.

Williams, M.E. & Manning Marable (2005). The Autobiography of Medgar Evers – A Hero’s Life and Legacy Revealed through his Writings, Letters and Speeches. Basic Books.

Willie, C. (2010). African American Voices from Iwo Jima: Personal Accounts of the Battle. McFarland.

Wilson, Jr., J.W. (1999). 761st “Black Panther” Tank Battalion in WWII.

Young, Jr., W.M. (1972). When the Negroes in Vietnam Come Home.



- Prepared by Ron E. Armstead



Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Veterans Braintrust

2019 Black History Month Recommended Readings



A War on Two Fronts: Fighting For Victory at Home and Abroad. Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina Press, 2015

Adams, C. (edited by Della Adams & Lewis H. Carlson) (2007). An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China. University of Massachusetts Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press.

Adams-Earley C. (1989). One Woman’s Army – A Black Officer Remembers the WAC. College Station, Texas A & M University Press.

Allen, R. (1989). The Port Chicago Incident – The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny Trial in the U.S. Naval History.

Baker, V. (1997). Lasting Valor – The Story of the Only Black World War II Veteran to Earn America’s Highest Decoration for Valor, the Medal of Honor.

Bailey, M. (1999). The Challenge: Autobiography of Colonel Margaret E. Bailey, First Black Nurse promoted to Colonel in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps. Tucker Publication, Inc., Lisle, IL

Bailey, R. (1988). Remembering Medgar Evers … for a New Generation. Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963)

Ball, H. (1998). A Defiant Life: Thurgood Marshall and the Persistence of Racism in America. New York: Crown

Bandt, N. (1996). Harlem at War: The Black Experience in WWII. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Becton, J.W. (2008). Becton – Autobiography of a Soldier and a Public Servant. Naval Institute Press.

Biggs, B. (1986). The Triple Nickels: America’s First All-Black Paratroop Unit. Black America in Defense of Our Nation. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Civilian Personnel Policy/Equal Opportunity

Black, S.W. (ed.) (2006). Soul Soldiers: African Americans and the Vietnam Era.

Bowers, W.T., Hammond, W.M. and MacGarrigle (1996). Black Soldier – White Army, the 24th Infantry Regiment in Korea. U.S. Army Center of Military History.

Brende, J.O. and Erwin R. Parson. (1986). Vietnam Veterans: The Road to Recovery.

Brown, C. (1999). Standing into Danger: The True Story of a Wartime Disaster – The Wrecking of the USS Pollux and The USS Truxtun in the North Atlantic. Flanker Press

Brown, J. and David Paisner (2003). The Price of Their Blood: Profile in Spirit. Bonus Books.

Brown, N. (2006). Private Politics and Public Voices: Black Women’s Activism from World War I to the New Deal. (Blacks in the Diaspora)

Brummell, G. (2006). Shades of Darkness – A Black Soldiers Journey Through Vietnam, Blindness and Back.

Buckley, G. (2001). American Patriots – The Story of Blacks in the Military from the Revolution to Desert Storm. Random House, New York.

Burns-Burrell, P. (1997). Hathaway. 1st Lt. Prudence (Hathaway) Burns Army Nurse of World War II Stationed in Australia, New Guinea and the Philippines.

Bussey, C. (1991). Firefight at Yechon: Courage and Racism in the Korean War. Washington, DC: Brassey’s (US).

Carter, A.G. and Allen, R.L. (2003). Honoring Sergeant Carter – Redeeming a Black World War II Hero’s Legacy.

Case, C. (1998). The Slaughter – An American Atrocity.

Christian, G.L. (1995). Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917. Texas A & M. University Press.

Citizens Commission of Inquiry (ed.) (1972). The Dellums Committee Hearing on War Crimes in Vietnam. New York: Vintage.

Clark, C. (2001). Pieces From My Mind. The Compelling True Story of a Black Man in a White Man’s Navy during WWII. Berkeley: Creative Arts Book Company.

Clay, J.L. (2003). Conspiracy to Injustice. Authorhouse

Cleland, M. (2001). Strong at the Broken Places. Longstreet Press.

Cobbs, P. (2005). My American Life: From Rage to Entitlement.

Coleman, M. (1998). Coming Full Circle.

Cox, M.S. (2013). Segregated Soldiers: Military Training at Historically Black Colleges in the Jim Crow South. Louisiana State University Press.

Culp, R.K. (2007). The First Black United States Marine. (The Men of Montford Point, 1942 – 1944).

Daugherty, J.H. (2009). The Buffalo Saga – A Story from World War II U.S. Army 92nd Infantry Division known as the Buffalo Soldiers.

Davis, Jr., B.O. (1991). Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American: An Autobiography. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press

Davis, G. (1971). Coming Home. New York: Random House.

Dellums, R. and Halterman, H.L. (2001). Lying Down with Lions: A Public Life from the Streets of Oakland to the Halls of Power.

DeYoung, K. (2006). Soldier – The Life of Colin Powell. Vintage Books

Dickerson, D.C. (1998/2004). Militant Mediator: Whitney M. Younge, Jr. University Press of Kentucky

Drotning, P.T. (1969). Black Heroes in Our Nation’s History. New York Cowles

Dryden, C.W. (1997). A-Train Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airmen. Lt. Col. Charles W. Dryden. University of Alabama Press.

DuBose, C.P. (1988) (1999). The Untold Story of Charles Diggs: The Public Figure, the Private Man. Barton Publishing House.

Fowler, E.L. (1971). The Black President and the Hero.

Francis, C.E. (1997). The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation. Boston, MA.

Gary, L. (1981). Black Men. Sage Publishers.

George, D. & Robert Child. (2017). The Lost Eleven: The Forgotten Story of Black American Soldiers Brutally Massacred in World War II.

Gilbran, D.K. (2002). The 92nd Infantry Division and the Italian Campaign in World War II. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.

Gray, F.D. (2001). The Tuskegee Syphilis Study: The Real Story and Beyond. NewSouth, Inc.

Greene, R.E. (1974). Black Defenders of America, 1775 – 1973.

Greenly, L.W. (2013). Eugene Bullard: World’s First Black Fighter Pilot. Montgomery, AL: New South Book

Griggs, W.E. and Philip J. Merrill (2002). The World War II Black Regiment that Built the Alaska Military Highway: A Photographic History. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi.

Grundest, E.G. (ed.) (2008). Forgotten Patriots: African American and American Indian Patriots in the Revolutionary War. A Guide to Service, Sources and Studies. (Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution).

Hamann, J. (2005). On American Soil – How Justice Became a Casualty of World War II.

Harris, S.L. (2003). Harlem’s Hellfighters – The African American 369th Infantry in World War I.

Hervieux, L. (2015). Forgotten: The Untold Story of D-Day’s Black Heroes, at Home and at War. Harper

Hillman, J. (2005). Defending America: Military Culture and the Cold War Court-Martial. Princeton University Press.

Hirsch, J.S. (2005). Two Souls Indivisible: The Friendship that Saved Two POW’s in Vietnam.

Hohn, M. and Martin Klimke (2010). A Breath of Freedom: African American GI’s, the Civil Rights Struggle, and Germany. Foreword by Ron E. Armstead.

Humphreys, M. (2008). Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War.

Jefferson, A. with Lewis H. Carlson (2005). Red Tail Captured, Red Tail Free: Memoirs of a World War II Tuskegee Airman and POW. Forham University Press.

Johnson, Jr., C. (2002). African Americans and ROTC: Military, Naval and Aeroscience Programs at Historically Black Colleges, 1916 – 1973. McFarland & Company, Inc.

Johnson, Jr., C. (1992). African American Soldiers in the National Guard: Recruitment and Deployment during Peacetime and War.

Johnson, K. (1999). Autobiography: An Officer and a Feminist. In Gender Camouflage: Women and the U.S. Military. New York University Press.

Johnson, S. with M.L. Doyle (2010). I’m Still Standing. From Captive U.S. Soldier to Free Citizen – My Journey Home.

Jones, J. (1987). Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment – A Tragedy of Race and Medicine.

Kane, M. (2010). Our Blood Flows Red: Trauma and African American Men in Military Service. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Kelly, M.P. (1995). Proudly We Served: The Men of the USS Mason.

Latty, Y. (2005). We Were There: Voices of African American Veterans, from World War II to the War in Iraq. Amistad Publishers

Laurence, J.H. & Ramsberger, P.F. (1991). Low Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays? New York: Praeger.

Lawson, S.F. (ed.). One America in the 21st Century. The Report of President Bill Clinton’s Initiative on Race. Yale University Press. Foreword by John Hope Franklin.

Lentz-Smith, A. (2009). Freedom Struggles: African Americans and World War I. Harvard University Press.

Lilly, R. (2007). Taken by Force: Rape and American GIs in Europe during World War II.

Lloyd, C. (2000). Eugene Bullard: Black Expatriate in Jazz Age Paris. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.

Makos, A. (2015). Devotion: An Epic Story of Heroism, Friendship and Sacrifice. Tells the Story of Lt. Thomas Hudner and Ensign Jesse Brown. (New York Times Bestselling Author)

Marshall, SLA (1953). The River and the Gaunlet. New York: William & Company

McBride, J. (2002). Miracle at St. Anna. A Novel of the Buffalo Soldiers of World War II. Riverhead Books, New York.

McCabe, K. & Dovey Johnson Roundtree (2009). Justice Older Than the Law: The Life of Dovey Johnson Roundtree. University Press of Mississippi.

McDaniels, III, P. (2017). Porter, Steward, Citizen: An African American’s Memoir of World War I.

McEachin, J. (1997). Farewell to the Mockingbirds. Rhari Publishing Group.

McGhee, E.J. (2011). Short Changed: Memoir of an American Combat Veteran. Tree Hugger Publishing, Atlanta, GA.

McLaurin, M.A. (2007). The Marines of Montford Point – America’s First Black Marines. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Mfume, K. (1997). No Free Ride. From the Mean Streets to the Mainstream. One World/Ballantine.

Miles, S.E. (1998). The American Woman 1999 – 2000: A Century of Change – What’s Next? Co-edited with Cynthia Costello and Anne Stone.

Mills, A. (2014). Soldats Noirs Americains: Black GIs, Normandy 1944 (English Version)

Miller, R.L. (2004). The Messman Chronicles – African Americans in the U.S. Navy, 1932 – 1943. U.S. Naval Institute.

Moore, B. (1996). To Serve My Country, To Serve My Race: The Story of the Only African American WACs Stationed Overseas.

Moore, C.P. (2005). Fighting for America: Black Soldiers – The Unsung Heroes of World War II. Presidio Press.

Morehouse, M. (2004). Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women Remember World War II. One World/Random House.

Morris, L. & Bailey, U.J.O. (eds.) (2001). One-Third of a Nation: An African American Perspective. Howard University Press.

Morris, R. (2011). Black Faces of War, A Legacy of Honor From the American Revolution to Today. Foreword by Lt. Gen. Julius W. Becton, Jr., USA, Ret.

Morrow, C. J. (1997). What’s a Commie Ever Done to Black People? A Korean War Memoir of Fighting in the U.S. Army’s last All Negro Unit. McFarland & Company, Inc. Publishers.

Mulzac, H. (1963). A Star to Steer By: Captain of the Booker T. Washington.

Myers, E.R. (ed.) (2001). Challenges of a Changing America: Perspectives on Immigration and Multiculturalism in the United States. 2nd Edition, Caddo Gap press, San Francisco.

Nichloson, N. (2004). 20 Miracles – A Soldier’s Story of Saving Grace.

Olsen, J. (2000). Last Man Standing: The Tragedy and Triumph of Geronimo Pratt. Doubleday.

Parks, D. (1968). GI Diary. New York, Harper & Row (Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1984)

Paterra, M.E. (2001). Kweisi Mfume: Congressman and NAACP Leader. Enslow Publishes.

Peterson, F. with J. Alfred Phelps (1998). Into the Tiger’s jaw – America’s First Black Marine Aviator. The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Frank E. Peterson.

Pettigrew, Jr., T.H. (1963). The Kunu-ri (Kumori) Incident. New York: Vantage Press.

Phillips, K.L. (2012). War! What is it Good For? Black Freedom Struggles and the U.S. Military from World War II to Iraq. The University of North Carolina Press.

Polland, F. (1959). Seeds to Turmoil. Exposition Press, New York.

Posey, E.L. (2008) The U.S. Army’s First, Last and Only All-Black Rangers. (2nd Ranger Infantry Company Airborne in the Korean War, 1950-1951).

Potter, L. with William Miles and Nina Rosenblum (1992). Liberators – Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II.

Powell, C.L. (1995). My American Journey.

Putney, M. (1992). When the Nation was in Need: Blacks in the Women Army Corps during World War II.

Quarles, B. (1989). The Negro in the Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press

Quarles, B. (1987). The Negro in the Making of America. Simon & Schuster, New York.

Quarles, B. (1961). The Negro in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Rampersad, A. (1997). Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Rangel, C.B. with Leon Wynter (2007). And I haven’t Had a Bad Day Since – From the Streets of Harlem to the Halls of Congress. St. Martin Press.

Rishell, L. (1993). With a Black Platoon in Combat: A Year in Korea. College Station: Texas A & M University Press.

Robinson, J. (1972). I Never Had It Made. As Told to Alfred Duckett, New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Rollins, J. (1995). All is Never Said (The Narrative of Odette Harper Hines).

Rowan, C. (1993). Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: The World of Justice Thurgood Marshall. Little, Brown & Company, Boston.

Salter, K.A. (2014). The Story of Black Officers, 1861 – 1948. Routledge Studies in African American History

Salter, K.A. (2003). Combat Multipliers: African American Soldiers in Four Wars. CSI Press.

Sammons, J. A. & John H. Morrow (2014). Harlem’s Rattlers and the Great War. The Undaunted 369th Regiment and the African American Quest for Equality. University Press of Kansas

Sanders, T. & Hampton Sides (2010). The Last Good War: The Faces and Voices of World War II. Welcome Book; First Edition.

Schneller, Jr., R.J. (2005). Breaking the Color Barrier – The U.S. Naval Academy’s First Black Midshipman and the Struggle for Racial Equity.

Scott, L.P. (1994). Double V: The Civil Rights Struggle of the Tuskegee Airmen. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Severo, R. (1989). The Wages to War: When American Soldiers Came Home – From Valley Forge to Vietnam.

Shaffer, D.R. (2004). After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans. University Press of Kansas.

Shaffer, D.R. (ed.) (2008). Voices of Emancipation: Understanding Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction Through the U.S. Pension Bureau Files. New York University Press.

Sherwood, J.D. (2007). Black Sailor, White Navy: Racial Unrest in the Fleet during the Vietnam War. New York: New York University Press.

Silvera, J.D. (1947) (1969). The Negro in World War II. New York, Arno Press.

Sissle, N.L. (1942). Memoirs of ‘Jim’ Europe. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Smith, C.E.M. (1999). Tuskegee Airmen: The Biography of Charles E. McGee, Air Force Fighter Combat Record Holder.

Staupers, M.K. (1961). No Time for Prejudice: A Story of the Integration of Negroes in Nursing in the United States. New York: MacMillan.

Stillwell, P. (1998). The Reminiscences of Master Chief Boatswain’s Mate Carl Brashear. U.S. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD.

Stillwell, P. (1993). The Golden Thirteen: Recollection of the first Black Naval Officers. U.S. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD.

Strode, W. (1990). Goal Dust: An Autobiography. Lanham, MD: Madison Books.

Taylor, T. (1998). The Flight of Jesse LeRoy Brown. Avon Books, New York.

Terrell, M.C. (2005). A Colored Woman in a White World. Humanity Books. Foreword by Debra Newman Ham.

Terry, W. (1984). Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans. Random House.

Warren, J.C. (1996). The Tuskegee Airmen Mutiny at Freeman Field. The Conyers Publishing Co.

Waugaman, S.F. with Thomas Cannon (2004). Poor Man’s Philanthropist – The Thomas Cannon Story. Palari Pub.

Westheider, J.E. (2007). The African American Experience in Vietnam: Brothers in Arms. Landham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Westheider, J.E. (1997). Fighting on Two Fronts: African Americans and the Vietnam War. New York University Press, NY.

White, B. & Robert Gandt. (2008). Intrepid: The Epic Story of America’s Most Legendary Warship. Broadway Books.

Whitmore, T. & Richard Weber (1971). Memphis-Nam-Sweden: The Story of a Black Deserter. University Press of Mississippi.

Wickham, D. (2002). Bill Clinton and Black America. One World/Ballantine.

Wideman, J.E. (2016). Writing to Save a Life – The Louis Till File. Scribner

Willenz, J. (1983). Women Veterans: America’s Forgotten Heroines.

Williams, C. (2010). Torchbearers for Democracy: African American Soldiers in the World War I Era. University of North Carolina Press.

Williams, D. (1983). Hit Hard – Black American’s in Combat led by a White Captain Battling into Hitler’s Germany.

Williams, M.E. & Manning Marable (2005). The Autobiography of Medgar Evers – A Hero’s Life and Legacy Revealed through his Writings, Letters and Speeches. Basic Books.

Willie, C. (2010). African American Voices from Iwo Jima: Personal Accounts of the Battle. McFarland.

Wilson, Jr., J.W. (1999). 761st “Black Panther” Tank Battalion in WWII.

Young, Jr., W.M. (1972). When the Negroes in Vietnam Come Home.



- Prepared by Ron E. Armstead